Working With Wool Pt.1- Picking, Washing & Drying

She seeketh wool, and flax, and worketh willingly with her hands.

Proverbs 31:13

There are different ways to wash wool. The way explained here is what we use, and what works best for us.

What you’ll need:



Water, hot and cold


Mesh Laundry Bags (optional)

Place to dry

First, we choose how much wool to wash. Some people wash a whole fleece in a bathtub. We used to do this, until we clogged a bathtub drain! So, we switched to washing in small totes, like this one pictured here.

Some people wash in kitty litter trays with sifters. This is a good idea because there’s even less agitation this way, and the bottom of your wool gets rinsed better.

Before washing we pick out any big pieces (in fiber circles, this is called ‘Vegetative Matter’ or ‘VM’*.) This removes the temptation of trying to take out any pieces while your wool is wet. You don’t want to do that, because the more you agitate your wool, the more likely it is to felt it. *A term to describe all grass seeds and burrs found in wool.

Fill your containers with cold water. Add your wool. You can let your wool soak the water in, or gently press it down. You can let this sit for 15 minutes to overnight, depending on how dirty your wool is.

When finished soaking, dump out your water, if your using a tote, gently place your hand over your wool and dump out your water. If your using a litter tray, lift out your sifter, and place it sideways on the tray, (like in the picture below) to let the water drain out, then dump out your water.

Again, depending on how dirty your wool is, you can repeat this process if you want to.

Now it time to soak it in hot water. Fill your containers with hot water. If your using totes, take a cup and fill it with the hot water, and gently pour it over the wool. If using the trays, before putting the sifter back in place, fill your tray with hot water then, put your tray back in place. Let this soak for 15-20 minutes. The goal is to keep your water hot, because if your water turns cold it could ruin your wool. So, to make sure this doesn’t happen it is good to set a timer. That way you don’t go and do something else while your waiting and forget about your wool.

Once the timer goes off, you are going to drain the water and repeat this process one more time, before adding soap.

There are special kinds of soap for washing wool, that don’t sud,and cut grease better than normal soaps, like the kind we use for laundry and dishes. (When the soap suds it is hard to rinse out.) But you can just use dish soap or shampoo,we’ve used both, and they do a good job, just do your best not to get very many suds. The goal is to cut the grease and get the lanolin out of the wool. The Unicorn products have very good reviews for doing this successfully.

Refill your containers with hot water. If your using shampoo or dish soap, add it after you’ve filled your containers and stir without making a lot of suds. You’ll need about 3 TBSP of soap,we just eye it.

Let this sit for 15-20 minutes, remember not to let the water cool.

Drain. Repeat one more time.

Now it’s time to rinse your wool. Refill your containers with hot water, this time don’t add soap.

Let it soak for 15-20 minutes. Drain. Repeat two or three times depending on the amount of soap left in the wool. Drain.

To dry wool, we either set it outside to dry, if it’s not raining. If it is raining, we use a cooling rack and set the wool on it in front of a fan.

Some people put it in mesh laundry bags and put it in the washer on spin, and then lay it out to dry. Now that your wool is out of the water its okay to do this, because it won’t felt now.

Once your wool is dry you can store it in storage bags.

In part two, (coming soon) we’ll explain how to pick and card.

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